History of Pernambuco

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History of Pernambuco

Post by Auggie » Mon Nov 12, 2018 8:16 pm

Paging Graaf. :D

So I read "History of Pernambuco" which has a section about the Dutch colony that existed in the northeastern corner of Brazil in the early 1600s.

It seems cut and pasted from a jingoistic history book out of the 50s. Just my take.

It was bad enough for a Wikipedian to drive by and slap "editorializing" tags on a few things, but not so bad that anyone invested any time to fix it.

I mean, come on, give the Dutch a break. In just a few decades they built a thriving, religiously-tolerant, diverse colony. Sure, the sugar plantation business was a horrible thing, but it's not like the Portuguese were saints in all this. Brazil was one of the last places in the new world to abolish slavery, centuries after the Dutch left. Around the 1880s iirc.

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?ti ... =845561527
Revolt against the Dutch

On May 15, 1645, meeting on the São João Plantation, 18 insurgent leaders[citation needed] in Pernambuco signed a commitment to fight against the Dutch rule in the captaincy. With the agreement signed, thus started the counter-attack on the Dutch invasion. The first major victory of the insurgents took place on the Mount of Tabocas (now located in the municipality of Vitória de Santo Antão) where 1200 mazombos insurgents armed with guns, sickles, sticks and arrows defeated 1900 well-armed and well trained Dutch, in an ambush. The success has given leading Antonio Dias Cardoso the nickname Master of Ambushes. The Dutch who survived went on to Recife, and again defeated by an alliance of mazombos, Indians native and black slaves.
View of a sugar-producing farm (engenho) in colonial Pernambuco by Dutch painter Frans Post (17th century).

They retreated back to the fortification in Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Pontal de Nazaré, Sirinhaém, Rio Formoso, Porto Calvo and Forte Maurício, was successively defeated by insurgents. Finally, Olinda was recovered by the rebels.

Surrounded and isolated by rebel bands in their colony known as New Holland, going from Recife to Itamaracá, the invaders began to suffer from lack of food, which led them to attack cassava plantations in the villages of São Lourenço, Catuma, and Tejucupapo. On April 24, 1646, there was the famous Battle of Tejucupapo, where peasant women armed with farm implements and arms drove out the Dutch invaders, humiliating them permanently[editorializing]. This historic fact established itself as the first major military participation of women in defence of the Brazilian territory.[relevant? – discuss]

On April 19, 1648, the Dutch broke the siege, turning to Cabo São Agostinho. The site was the scene of two important battles of Brazilian military history – the two Battles of Guararapes. The fate of the invaders was sealed with the second Battle of Guararapes, but the invaders retained a surrounded presence until 1654. On January 20 that year, the last Dutch defences were penetrated, forcing the invaders to conclude a treaty of surrender. After 24 years of Dutch rule over Pernambuco, after 62 hours of negotiation,[citation needed] on January 27, 1654 in Treaty of Taborda, the Dutch surrendered unconditionally.

The uprising was a milestone in Pernambuco, both militarily with the consolidation of ambush and guerrilla tactics, and socio-politically, with the increase of miscegenation between the three races (black African, white European and native Indian) and was the beginning of a sense of nationhood.[editorializing]

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